Processing Pawpaws

In this video I go over the steps I take to process the pulp and seeds from the Pawpaw (Asimina triloba) fruit.

Foraging for Pawpaw Fruit in Pennsylvania
https://roadtohomesteading.com/foraging-for-pawpaw-fruit-in-pennsylvania/

Pawpaw Ice Cream Recipe
https://roadtohomesteading.com/pawpaw-icecream/

Pawpaw Kombucha Recipe
https://roadtohomesteading.com/pawpaw-kombucha/

Books on Pawpaws: (affiliate):
For the Love of Paw Paws: https://amzn.to/2pqOjc7
Pawpaw: In Search of America’s Forgotten Fruit: https://amzn.to/2mYzKeT
The Fruit Forager’s Companion: https://amzn.to/2mYUrr7
THE POCKET PAWPAW COOKBOOK: https://www.motherearthnews.com/store/product/the-pocket-pawpaw-cookbook

Foraging for Pawpaw Fruit in Pennsylvania

It is mid-September, and that means it is Pawpaw Season!!! This past weekend I took a trip to a local pawpaw patch in southwestern Pennsylvania to explore and forage for some pawpaw fruit.

Processing Pawpaws
https://roadtohomesteading.com/processing-pawpaws/
Pawpaw Kombucha Recipe
https://roadtohomesteading.com/pawpaw-kombucha/

Books on Pawpaws: (affiliate):
For the Love of Paw Paws: https://amzn.to/2pqOjc7
Pawpaw: In Search of America’s Forgotten Fruit: https://amzn.to/2mYzKeT
The Fruit Forager’s Companion: https://amzn.to/2mYUrr7
THE POCKET PAWPAW COOKBOOK: https://www.motherearthnews.com/store/product/the-pocket-pawpaw-cookbook

Books on Foraging: (affiliate):
Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide https://amzn.to/3hHAAne
Northeast Foraging https://amzn.to/305784q
Foraging Cookbook https://amzn.to/304frgU
Forage, Harvest, Feast: A Wild-Inspired Cuisine https://amzn.to/3hD69OX
Wild Berries & Fruits Field Guide of IN, KY, OH https://amzn.to/302akxC
Foraging with Kids https://amzn.to/2BDsrRi

Foraging & Cooking Amber Jelly Mushrooms

**Disclaimer: Before eating any wild mushroom (or any new foraged item) check guides, spore print on species with look-a-likes, and be 100% certain of what you are eating. If you are at all unsure, do not eat it. As with any new food, be on the look-out for allergic reactions. Try a small amount the first time through. Allergic reactions can happen, even if something is known to be edible. **

It was a cool and cloudy afternoon when my friend Bob, his oldest daughter and I set off deep into the forest in search of the elusive amber jelly roll mushroom (Exida recisa). Armed with field guides, we began our search.

Okay, okay – so maybe it was more Bob’s yard at the homestead than a forest, and maybe it only took us a few minutes to wander over by an old oak tree in his yard, but you get the idea.

We found a mess of what appeared to be amber jelly roll mushrooms on fallen branches beneath an old oak tree. We consulted the Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic to confirm identification, but it was not listed in this guide. When foraging for mushrooms it is imperative to confirm identification. There is no room for error even if the mushroom is distinctive and easy to ID, which is why we brought a second field guide to the party – Mushrooms of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada. Here we found the amber jelly mushroom listed and could check off the identifying characteristics:

  • Size: small (1-4 cm in width)
  • Color: yellowish-brown or reddish-brown to purple
  • Texture: somewhat gelatinous
  • Growth pattern and location: growing in clusters on hardwood branches and sticks.

It fit the bill. Mushrooms of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada describes the amber jelly roll mushroom as a small (1-4 cm wide) yellowish-brown, reddish-brown to purple colored mushroom with a somewhat gelatinous texture. It is known to grow in clusters on hardwood branches and sticks. Even though this mushroom did not show up in the Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic, they seem to be fairly common in Southwestern Pennsylvania. I have seen them many times on hikes throughout the state.

At first glance, the amber jelly roll does look like something you’d want to eat, but this species is edible, like many of the jelly mushrooms. You’ll often find other jelly mushrooms used in Asian cuisine (think soups). Neither Bob or I had tried eating this odd-looking mushroom before, but that was changing today.
We gathered a few handfuls of fungi and carried them back to the house. We soaked them in water and rinsed them clean to remove any bugs or debris. We tasted the fresh mushroom. It was less than exciting – rather bland with a texture on the rubbery side.

We sautéed the mushrooms for about 15 minutes, with some Asian inspired flavors, and we decided to add them to the venison meatballs with homemade sauce and noodles Bob was making for dinner. The blandness of the mushroom worked in its favor, and absorbed the flavors we sautéed them in. The mushroom still retained some of its rubbery texture.

I was really indifferent to the mushrooms raw flavor; though it did hold the added flavors we cooked them in. I really didn’t care much for the texture of the mushroom, but would likely give it another try the future, may be added to a soup or broth which might allow the texture to be less rubbery.

Ingredients
  • 2-3 oz Amber Jelly Mushrooms
  • 1 tsp Sesame Oil
  • 1 tsp Soy Sauce
  • ½ tsp Rice Vinegar
  • ½ tsp minced Garlic
  • Pinch of Salt
  • Pinch of Red Pepper Flakes to taste
Instructions
  1. On medium heat, heat up a pan with the Sesame Oil.
  2. Add the mushrooms, some minced garlic.
  3. Sautéed the mushrooms and Garlic for about 10 minutes
  4. Add in Soy Sauce, Rice Vinegar, Salt, and Red Pepper Flakes.
  5. Cook for an additional 5 minutes.

References Books:

Mushrooms of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada
Field Guide to Wild Mushrooms of Pennsylvania and the Mid-Atlantic
The Mushroom Cookbook: A Guide to Edible Wild and Cultivated Mushrooms
Edible Wild Mushrooms of North America: A Field-to-kitchen Guide

Gathering and Drying Rose Hips

The past few days have been cold and frigid in PA, today warmed up to 50 so I made the most of it and took a hike. While I was out I came across some rose hips. Rose hips can be eaten raw, but we dry them to use in our teas and Kombucha. The best time to harvest rose hips is in the cooler months after the first frost where they become soft and sweet.

The Multi-flora Rose is a common invasive species originating from to Japan and China, and can be found abundantly in our area. The rose hips of the Multi-flora Rose are small, unlike some cultivated varieties. I do recommend using gloves if you plan to gather rose hips.

To air dry rose hips, I give them a rinse with warm water, pat dry, and de-stem. To de-stem I found that using a pair of scissors works great to speed up this process. Then I spread them out on cardboard paper, and let them sit for a few weeks give them a turn every few days until they are completely dry.
A quicker way is to use a dehydrator or the oven or toaster oven. Since I do not have a dehydrator I use my over to help with the drying process. To start I rinse and de-stem the rose hips. Next I cover my toaster over tray with aluminum foil, add the rose hips to the tray, and place it in the oven. Set the oven to the lowest temperature, and set the timer to 10 minutes.

After 10 minutes rotate the rose hips, and reset the timer for another 10 minutes. Continue to do this for at least an hour or longer depending on the size of your rose hips. Keep checking to make sure that you do not burn your rose hips.

When your rose hips have dried you can store them in a glass jar or a brown paper bag away from sunlight.

Dried rose hips can be used in a number of ways. Try steeping some with your next cup of tea, a homemade vinaigrette, or kombucha. See our recipes that include rose hips. Rosemary, Rose hip and Sage Kombucha Recipe and Cranberry, Grapefruit, Hibiscus, and Rose hip Kombucha

Books on Foraging: (affiliate):
Edible Wild Plants: A North American Field Guide https://amzn.to/3hHAAne
Northeast Foraging https://amzn.to/305784q
Foraging Cookbook https://amzn.to/304frgU
Forage, Harvest, Feast: A Wild-Inspired Cuisine https://amzn.to/3hD69OX
Wild Berries & Fruits Field Guide of IN, KY, OH https://amzn.to/302akxC
Foraging with Kids https://amzn.to/2BDsrRi